Compare Cameras : Film, Digital, SLR
How to Compare Cameras
There is a huge variety of choices for film, digital, slr, and compact cameras.
One of the most common questions beginner photographers have is “What type of camera should I get?”
In this article, we will compare cameras from the most common classes available today; Film vs Digital and SLR vs Compacts.
Compare Cameras: Digital Camera AdvantagesPractically instant results; no chemicals.Built-in LCD monitor on camera lets you check and evaluate the photos.Low running expenses. Memory card is re-used. Batteries are rechargeable.Wide range of models offered, from miniature point-and-shoot models to professional SLRs with full creative freedom.Color balance can often be precisely adjusted to suit the light source.Pictures can very easily be manipulated, edited and printed from a computer or shared with others across the web.
Digital Camera DisadvantagesAccess to a PC, and familiarity with computers, is essential to get the most from the digital pictures.Digital cameras can be slow to react, missing pictures as they boot up and process data.LCD screens could be hard to use in bright light (alternative viewfinder is commonly supplied).Risk of accidentally deleting the shots you have got taken.Batteries occasionally have to be replaced, and recharged regularly.Only top models, set at best resolution, can match quality of images taken with 35mm film.
Film Camera AdvantagesHigh resolution results feasible with even smaller film formats, for example 35mm.Enormous selection of models, from miniature point-and-shoot models to specialist SLRs.Extensive range of secondhand equipment on the market signifies that cameras, lenses and accessories can be found to suit any budgets.Wide range of specialist films offered, including those for use in very low light.Technology is well-established, proven, and not constantly changing.
Film Camera DisadvantagesFilm needs to be chemically developed before the picture is ever seen.Risk of misloading the film.Repeated film and development expenses.Film needs to be scanned for digital manipulation or sharing on the web.Some light sources can produce color cast problems, which are difficult to eliminate.To change to different film speed you are forced to change the entire roll of film instead of a simple digital setting.
SLR AdvantagesPrecise framing – what you see in the viewfinder is exactly what is recorded on the film.The range of lenses and accessories makes the SLR very versatile, as it might be adapted to shoot any photographic subject.Extensive range of camera models to choose from – including digital and 35mm film versions.Full adjustments of shutter speed and aperture – and detailed display of current settings.
SLR DisadvantagesNoisier than compact cameras because the reflex mirror that directs light up towards the viewing screen need to swing out of the way prior to exposure.Difficult to focus in low light.Heavier and more awkward to utilize than most fully automatic compact models.Generally the most expensive cameras to buy. Needed accessories can also become expensive.
Compact Camera AdvantagesViewfinder image is bright even in poor light.Offered with good built-in zoom (digital models particularly).Compact cameras are normally smaller, light and effortless to carry.Fully automatic, ‘point-and-shoot’ – ideal for informal and candid shots.Absence of a reflex mirror makes the compact quiet to use.Some digital models offer practically as much creative control as SLRs.
Compact Camera DisadvantagesThe viewfinder shows a slightly different view than the one that will be recorded – a particular problem with close-ups.You cannot visually check whether the camera has focused on the subject accurately.You cannot ordinarily control which elements of the scene are sharp or blurred using depth of field.You cannot commonly adjust shutter speed to suit the movement of the subject, or for other artistic reasons.Lens isn’t interchangeable. Few system accessories.